I love the few great ideas I've heard expressed equally well in a Western and an Eastern context; it gives me hope that any method of understanding has the potential to reveal truth, if applied correctly.
Here's one: In Western Christian spiritual efforts, you "don't let the Devil know" what you're doing — mythically, because "he" will, if his attention is brought to rest upon your efforts to advance as a good person, immediately seek to interfere, and to knock you off-path. The better a person you are, the more dangerous you are to the Devil; your soul is more unfuckable, and you serve as a strength and a good example to others. (This is also why, in the grittier tales of the Devil — which I love to read, maybe a bit too much — things like demonic infestation and possession are often specifically targeted at either pious people, or innocently good ones.) The gentler, non-Devil-centric formulation of this is the entreaty (attributed to Jesus) that people "not let their left hand know what the right hand is doing". Humbly and quietly going about good work, without advertising it or celebrating it even with yourself, is the example we're given repeatedly, from the lives of various saints and such.
The concept is concerned with how we make plans to improve ourselves: Growth and self-correction is wonderful, it teaches, but there's a sense in which we definitely invite disaster by making big, loud plans and Swearing On The Mountains, Online and On TV that we Will Succeed at a thing. It's almost like, if your goals are easy targets, bad luck will descend upon them. (This can seem like a pretty hostile formulation of the Universe, especially if you ascribe to the Western Devil version. More on that in a minute.)
And that bad luck won't just come from outside: In the East, the Devil you don't want to alert to your plans is Karma, the accumulated unbalance / debt / spinning-tension of the Wheel (the Wheel is a huge metaphor in the East, and where we literally get ideas like "what goes around comes around" from). Your Karmic debt lives with you and is tied to you always, as a result of everything you've ever done (in this life and other ones, to them). Anything you do, especially if you really big, flagrant, DO it, gets caught up in the Karmic math, gets affected by the weight of the universal flywheel — and the wheel is engaged all the more when you make big declarations that you're Doing A Thing. You don't want the Wheel engaged, because like the Devil, while it's actually not technically evil, it is by its nature usually adversarial to us. ("Good Karma" is not actually a thing — the correct idea would be "less Karma", i.e., if you do more good things, you will offset more of your Karma, your "owings" for past deeds, and engage more freely with the Universe instead of dragging your past baggage/debts/issues into everything. And what about people who do LOTS of good? They eventually burn off / pay back all of their Karma — and then, with nothing left chaining them to the cycle of reincarnation, they ascend into superhumanhood, which is of course a tricky idea too. But the idea is that to have an actual *positive* direction / weight on the Karmic Wheel is to have evolved past human in a very significant way, and people who achieve it usually choose to not return for more lives on Earth, since, you know, they've unlocked a Heaven-option now. …Yes, in Taoism, humans are all basically stuck here in a sort of soul-jail, living lives and suffering, until we learn the right lessons and are able to move on. I find this story utterly fascinating regardless of its literal truth, obviously.)
The proper way, the Taoist way, of engaging in self-correction is to keep as much silence about it as possible, even to yourself: To spot a thing that needs doing, and quietly plan to do it, and quietly execute your plans, without making a big deal of it either externally OR internally. To use quiet focus — meditation — to maintain your resolution, and support yourself through the transition. Then to not celebrate goals at all, or even be particularly attached to your own success — since if you wanted it very very much, then Karma would have a thing to say about your getting it. In this way, you just kind of slip that self-improvement into your life, like sliding a boat gently into the water so it doesn't make big waves; and Karma moves placidly along, the weight of it being gradually eroded by your good actions, the effects of it staying minor and in the background. In much the same way, the Westerners advise living a humble life, not seeking great victories, celebrating successes or showing any arrogance or aggrandizement at all. I think it's fascinating that whatever's different about major spiritual ideas, they often seem to all urge the benefits of a humble, non-arrogant life at ground-level. I wonder if they're onto something. (Note: Some of you Buddhism fans are thinking of fat-Buddha; but I would contest that the very lesson of fat-Buddha was that sHe could accept what came in life, even if it was drinking and partying — staying detached from Karma, which, for example, Siddartha-Buddha couldn't have done (failed to do, actually, early in his life) when what the Universe was asking from him was to be wealthy and relax and party. When they say "in all things," fB was saying, they mean *all* things).
Anyway. You don't want to push the Karma wheel or dare the Devil, because they are the bad wolfs that will be alerted to and drawn by your struggling. When you make plans to improve yourself, consider whether you can do so gently and quietly.